Download e-book for iPad: Biofuels: Securing the Planet’s Future Energy Needs by Ayhan Demirbas

By Ayhan Demirbas

ISBN-10: 1848820100

ISBN-13: 9781848820104

ISBN-10: 1848820119

ISBN-13: 9781848820111

Biofuel is a renewable strength resource made from common (biobased) fabrics, which might be used as an alternative for petroleum fuels. the advantages of biofuels over conventional fuels comprise larger strength safeguard, diminished environmental effect, foreign currency rate reductions, and socioeconomic matters concerning the agricultural area. additionally, biofuel expertise is appropriate to either constructing and industrialized international locations. For those purposes, the proportion of biofuels within the automobile gas industry is anticipated to develop swiftly over the following decade.

The most typical biofuels, equivalent to ethanol from corn, wheat or sugar beet and biodiesel from oil seeds, are made out of vintage nutrition plants that require top of the range agricultural land for progress. despite the fact that, bioethanol is a petroleum additive/substitute that may be made out of abundant, family, cellulosic biomass assets equivalent to herbaceous and woody vegetation, agricultural and forestry residues, and a wide section of municipal and commercial strong waste streams. construction of bioethanol from biomass is a method to lessen either the intake of crude oil and environmental toxins. there's additionally a turning out to be curiosity within the use of vegetable oils for making biodiesel, that is much less polluting than traditional petroleum diesel fuel.

Biofuels: Securing the Planet’s destiny power Needs discusses the creation of transportation fuels from biomass (such as wooden, straw or even loved ones waste) via Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. The publication is a vital textual content for undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers in strength engineering, in addition to expert gas engineers.

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The gases produced can be steam reformed to produce hydrogen and followed by a water–gas shift reaction to further enhance hydrogen production. When the moisture content of biomass is higher than 35%, it can be gasified in a supercritical water condition. Supercritical water gasification is a promising process to gasify biomass with high moisture contents due to its high gasification ratio (100% achievable), and the high hydrogen volumetric ratio (50% achievable) hydrogen produced by biomass gasification was reported to be comparable to that obtained by natural gas reforming.

This fuel is now mainly being produced from canola oil and soybean oil. However, any plant oil such as palm, cottonseed, peanut, or sunflower may be used to produce biodiesel. The replacement of petroleum with biorenewables for fuels and chemicals requires the identification of feedstock, intermediate, and product species that replace their fossil counterparts. 19. 20. Biofuels originate from plant oils, sugar beets, cereals, organic waste and the processing of biomass. Biological feedstocks that contain appreciable amounts of sugar – or materials that can be converted into sugar, such as starch or cellulose – can be fermented to produce ethanol to be used in gasoline engines.

Short rotation coppices and grasses) are promising feedstock because of high yields, low costs, good suitability for low quality land (which is more easily available for energy crops), and low environmental impacts. 1 Biomass Biomass is the name given to all the Earth’s living matter (Garg and Datta, 1998). Biomass is organic material that has stored sunlight in the form of chemical energy. , 1993). Biomass provides a clean, renewable energy source that may dramatically improve our environment, economy, and energy security.

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Biofuels: Securing the Planet’s Future Energy Needs by Ayhan Demirbas

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