By M. Gustavson
This ebook offers a finished assessment of the literature on improvement in Sub-Saharan Africa, and demanding situations the notions of African public officers provided there. It specializes in public audit associations and provides wealthy empirical examine effects, which contradicts many assumptions made within the literature on improvement in Sub-Saharan Africa.
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Extra resources for Auditing Good Government in Africa: Public Sector Reform, Professional Norms and the Development Discourse
Nationalist movements started to grow, and they demanded expanded rights as well as independence. Accordingly, the colonial powers began to increase the rights for Africans in their colonies. For instance, the British established ways of enabling educated Africans to work in the central and local administrations as well as extending their possibilities to education (Young 1994 pp. 182–6). Although there was a change of attitude among the colonizing powers after the war, naturally the gradual expansion of rights was not only due to the generosity of colonial powers, but also a result of struggle and resistance from the African people.
Similar reforms had been implemented, with the results expected, in Latin America and Asia and, thus, it was thought the programs would have the same effect in Africa (Hyden 2006). The adjustment programs did not turn out well in the African countries. Their effects were viewed by critics as increasing poverty and making living conditions for many Africans harsher (Abrahamsen 2000). However, the IMF and the World Bank defended their programs, claiming that failure and negative effects were not a fair description of the programs, since the adjustment programs were never fully implemented in many of the countries (Van de Walle 2001).
The two African regional organizations used as arenas were the African Organisation of English-speaking Supreme Audit Institutions (AFROSAI-E) and the African Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions (AFROSAI). The empirical study focuses on a number of activities and individuals within these organizations, and as a consequence the study has a stronger focus on the sub-regional group, AFROSAI-E, since it performed a larger number of activities in the region. The second and third cases in the study consist of studies of the state audit institutions or, more precisely, the Supreme Audit Institutions, in Namibia and Botswana.
Auditing Good Government in Africa: Public Sector Reform, Professional Norms and the Development Discourse by M. Gustavson