By United States. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy. Office of Support Programs
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Sodium would undergo a rapid chemical reaction if it comes into contact with water or steam. To 31 Figure 25. The Experimental Breeder Reactor-ll (EBR /I), located at Idaho Falls, Idaho, has been in operation since 7963. (Credit: Department of Energy) generated by nuclear power in Idaho in 1951. Its successor, EBR11, is still operating as a test reactor after almost 20 years, testing advanced reactor fuels and materials (Figure 25). A developmental commercial LMFBR, the Enrico Fermi Atomic Power Plant, operated in Michigan in the 1960’s.
Transporting Radioactive Materials Each year in the United States, some 500 billion shipments of commodities are made by truck, rail, barge, airplane, or other means. Of these about one in 5,000 contains material classified as hazardous. They include caustics and acids; toxic materials like pesticides and poisons; explosives, flammables, like gasoline and propane; corrosives; compressed gases; and radioactive materials. Radioactive materials account for about two percent of all hazardous materials shipped.
The dimensions of the trenches vary, depending on the soil and water conditions of the area. Typically, they might measure some 600 feet long, about 60 feet in Handling and Disposing of Low-Level Wastes Low-level wastes (LLW) contain relatively little of the radioactive 44 Figure 36. A 55gallon drum of solid low-level waste is loaded by crane into a trailer for ship ment to a LLW disposal site. ) width, and 25 feet or more in depth. Each trench is filled with waste drums and crates to about twothirds of the trench depth.
Atoms to electricity by United States. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy. Office of Support Programs