By Katy Börner
Maps of actual areas find us on the earth and aid us navigate unexpected routes. Maps of topical areas aid us visualize the level and constitution of our collective wisdom; they display bursts of task, pathways of principles, and borders that beg to be crossed. This publication, from the writer of Atlas of technology, describes the facility of topical maps, delivering readers with rules for visualizing wisdom and providing as examples 40 large-scale and greater than a hundred small-scale full-color maps.
Today, info literacy is turning into as vital as language literacy. Well-designed visualizations can rescue us from a sea of knowledge, assisting us to make feel of knowledge, attach rules, and make higher judgements in actual time. In Atlas of data, top visualization professional Katy Börner makes the case for a structures technological know-how method of technological know-how and know-how reviews and explains differing types and degrees of research. Drawing on fifteen years of educating and gear improvement, she introduces a theoretical framework intended to steer readers via person and job research; facts instruction, research, and visualization; visualization deployment; and the translation of technological know-how maps. To exemplify the framework, the Atlas positive factors awesome and enlightening new maps from the preferred “Places & areas: Mapping Science” show that variety from “Key occasions within the improvement of the Video Tape Recorder” to “Mobile Landscapes: position information from mobile phones for city Analysis” to “Literary Empires: Mapping Temporal and Spatial Settings of Victorian Poetry” to “Seeing criteria: A Visualization of the Metadata Universe.” She additionally discusses the prospective impact of technological know-how maps at the perform of technological know-how.
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Additional resources for Atlas of Knowledge: Anyone Can Map
Key works are shown in the table below. In his 1946 paper “On the Theory of Scales of Measurement,” Stanley S. Stevens distinguished nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio data based on the type of logical mathematical operations that are permissible (see section Mathematical Operations and table topright). That is, the type of scale used depends on the mathematical transformations that can be performed on the data. In 1967, Jacques Bertin argued for three data scale types: qualitative, ordered, and quantitative—which roughly corresponds to nominal, ordinal, and quantitative (also called numerical).
The last column of the table shows the set of types that are used in this Atlas (see descriptions and examples on opposite page). Interaction Types Other scholars have identified interactivity types (see top-right table). For interactive data exploration, Ben Shneiderman cites overview (seeing the entire collection), zoom (zooming in on items of interest), filter (selecting interesting items), detailson-demand (selecting one or a group of items and getting details when needed), relate (viewing relationships among items; see basic task types in lower-left table), history (keeping a log of actions to support undo, replay, and progressive refinement), and extract (access subcollections and query parameters).
18 Part 1: Science and Technology Facts Migration Trajectories The pathways taken by individuals or organizations are also called migration biographies or career trajectories. They may be plotted over time, geospatial location, or topical space (see The Product Space, page 92). An example is Nobelpreisträger für Physik given on the opposite page. It renders the career trajectories of Philipp Lenard, Walther Bothe, and Hans Jensen, who received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1905, 1954, and 1963, respectively as a space-timecube map (page 51).
Atlas of Knowledge: Anyone Can Map by Katy Börner