By Singh, Rajendra
The main basic classification of human cognition and motion, and all human languages have constructed many units to specific it. those comprise verbal different types, equivalent to stressful and point, but additionally adverbials, debris, and ideas of discourse organization. This e-book is meant as an instructional for the examine of ways time is expressed in traditional languages. Its chapters take the reader via a few foundational concerns, similar to some of the notions of time and a number of the capability to specific it; different chapters are dedicated to extra particular questions, equivalent to the purchase of time, its modelling in formal semantics and in computational linguistics, or how its expression might be empirically investigated.
Read Online or Download Annual Review of South Asian Languages and Linguistics, 2008 PDF
Similar foreign languages books
The quantity offers the state-of-the-art in learn on African types of Arabic. prime students from around the globe handle themes facing language touch, the advance of Arabic-based pidgins and creoles, synchronic language edition and diachronic language reconstruction.
It's a significant problem for linguists to discover the kinfolk among referential selection and the discourse constitution in dialogues, simply because, not like written modes of discourse, discussion as an interactional mode of discourse wishes cautious therapy for linguistic research. This e-book investigates how discourse entities are associated with subject chaining and discourse coherence through exhibiting that the alternative and the distribution of referring expressions is correlated with heart transition styles within the centering framework.
There's no kingdom on this planet the place as many alternative languages are spoken as in New Guinea, nearly a 5th of the languages on the earth. every one of these so-called Papuan languages appear to be unrelated to languages spoken in different places. the current paintings is the 1st actually entire learn of this sort of language, Hua.
Extra resources for Annual Review of South Asian Languages and Linguistics, 2008
AA N modiﬁes in a systematic way the relation A-N, namely the attribution of the property A to the noun N, with the various meanings resulting from the di¤erent nature of nouns (discrete or compact) and the context which actualizes AN as an occurrence (with or without preconstruction, as a mode of presence, as the construction of the property)9. As opposed to the simple adjective, the reduplicated adjective is not descriptive10. Normally an adjective qualiﬁes the noun by conferring to it a di¤erential property (which makes it descriptive): lambaˆ laRkaˆ ‘tall boy’, or lambe laRke ‘tall boys’, refers to a boy or a set of boys with tallness as a distinctive property (as compared to other boys, small and medium-sized); being tall here is a di¤erential property.
The typically distributive meaning: Numeral-numeral nom Apart from the iteration of the process for each occurrence of the beneﬁciary in (1a), ‘‘give one X (to¤ee) to each Y (child)’’, hence the possible commutation of (1a) with statements having the indeﬁnite har ‘each’ (2a), the reduplication of the numeral acts on the scheme of the individuation of Y (n occurrences of ‘‘child’’) as well as that of X (n occurrences of ‘‘to¤ee’’)4: (1) a. baccoN ko ek-ek taˆf ˆı do child-p dat one-one to¤ee give ‘give a to¤ee to each child, one to¤ee per child’ b.
But we have seen that these meanings can be accounted for by an operation of non-centring which acts on the relation NV, NA or V2V1 respectively. This operation has nothing to do with iconicity (or very indirectly), but it modiﬁes the scheme of individuation of the notion into an occurrence. 38 Annie Montaut 2. Echo-constructions: De-centring the notion It has been shown above that integral reduplication amounts to taking into account the n occurrences of the reduplicated term. As a non-centring device allowing for qualitative variation (each occurrence retains its singularity), it rules out the possibility of assigning a speciﬁc deﬁnite value to the occurrence and redeﬁnes the relation between the reduplicated term and another term in the statement: noun and verb, participle (dependent verb) and main verb, adjective and noun, with the typical meanings of distribution and iteration but also with a whole series of di¤erent meanings.
Annual Review of South Asian Languages and Linguistics, 2008 by Singh, Rajendra