Get Annual Review of South Asian Languages and Linguistics, 2008 PDF

By Singh, Rajendra

ISBN-10: 3110208296

ISBN-13: 9783110208290

The main basic classification of human cognition and motion, and all human languages have constructed many units to specific it. those comprise verbal different types, equivalent to stressful and point, but additionally adverbials, debris, and ideas of discourse organization. This e-book is meant as an instructional for the examine of ways time is expressed in traditional languages. Its chapters take the reader via a few foundational concerns, similar to some of the notions of time and a number of the capability to specific it; different chapters are dedicated to extra particular questions, equivalent to the purchase of time, its modelling in formal semantics and in computational linguistics, or how its expression might be empirically investigated.

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Extra resources for Annual Review of South Asian Languages and Linguistics, 2008

Example text

AA N modifies in a systematic way the relation A-N, namely the attribution of the property A to the noun N, with the various meanings resulting from the di¤erent nature of nouns (discrete or compact) and the context which actualizes AN as an occurrence (with or without preconstruction, as a mode of presence, as the construction of the property)9. As opposed to the simple adjective, the reduplicated adjective is not descriptive10. Normally an adjective qualifies the noun by conferring to it a di¤erential property (which makes it descriptive): lambaˆ laRkaˆ ‘tall boy’, or lambe laRke ‘tall boys’, refers to a boy or a set of boys with tallness as a distinctive property (as compared to other boys, small and medium-sized); being tall here is a di¤erential property.

The typically distributive meaning: Numeral-numeral nom Apart from the iteration of the process for each occurrence of the beneficiary in (1a), ‘‘give one X (to¤ee) to each Y (child)’’, hence the possible commutation of (1a) with statements having the indefinite har ‘each’ (2a), the reduplication of the numeral acts on the scheme of the individuation of Y (n occurrences of ‘‘child’’) as well as that of X (n occurrences of ‘‘to¤ee’’)4: (1) a. baccoN ko ek-ek taˆf ˆı do child-p dat one-one to¤ee give ‘give a to¤ee to each child, one to¤ee per child’ b.

But we have seen that these meanings can be accounted for by an operation of non-centring which acts on the relation NV, NA or V2V1 respectively. This operation has nothing to do with iconicity (or very indirectly), but it modifies the scheme of individuation of the notion into an occurrence. 38 Annie Montaut 2. Echo-constructions: De-centring the notion It has been shown above that integral reduplication amounts to taking into account the n occurrences of the reduplicated term. As a non-centring device allowing for qualitative variation (each occurrence retains its singularity), it rules out the possibility of assigning a specific definite value to the occurrence and redefines the relation between the reduplicated term and another term in the statement: noun and verb, participle (dependent verb) and main verb, adjective and noun, with the typical meanings of distribution and iteration but also with a whole series of di¤erent meanings.

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Annual Review of South Asian Languages and Linguistics, 2008 by Singh, Rajendra


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