By Michael T. McManus
The plant hormone ethylene is among the most crucial, being one of many first chemical compounds to be made up our minds as a naturally-occurring progress regulator and influencer of plant improvement. It was once additionally the 1st hormone for which major proof was once came upon for the presence of receptors.
this significant new quantity in Annual Plant Reviews is largely divided into 3 elements. the 1st half covers the biosynthesis of ethylene and contains chapters on S-adenosylmethionine and the formation and destiny of ACC in plant cells. the second one a part of the amount covers ethylene signaling, together with the conception of ethylene through plant cells, CTR proteins, MAP kinases and EIN2 / EIN3. the ultimate half covers the keep an eye on by means of ethylene of mobilephone functionality and improvement, together with seed improvement, germination, plant development, cellphone separation, fruit ripening, senescent tactics, and plant-pathogen interactions.
The Plant Hormone Ethylene is an exceptionally useful addition to Wiley-Blackwell's Annual Plant Reviews. With contributions from some of the world's major researchers in ethylene, and edited by way of Professor Michael McManus of Massey collage, this quantity should be of serious use and curiosity to quite a lot of plant scientists, biochemists and chemists. All universities and examine institutions the place plant sciences, biochemistry, chemistry, lifestyles sciences and agriculture are studied and taught must have entry to this significant volume.Content:
Chapter 1 a hundred Years of Ethylene – a private View (pages 1–17): Don Grierson
Chapter 2 Early occasions within the Ethylene Biosynthetic Pathway – legislation of the swimming pools of Methionine and S?Adenosylmethionine (pages 19–52): Katharina Burstenbinder and Margret Sauter
Chapter three The Formation of ACC and pageant among Polyamines and Ethylene for SAM (pages 53–81): Smadar Harpaz?Saad, Gyeong Mee Yoon, Autar okay. Mattoo and Joseph J. Kieber
Chapter four The destiny of ACC in greater crops (pages 83–115): Sarah J. Dorling and Michael T. McManus
Chapter five notion of Ethylene by means of crops – Ethylene Receptors (pages 117–145): Brad M. Binder, Caren Chang and G. Eric Schaller
Chapter 6 Ethylene Signalling: The CTR1 Protein Kinase (pages 147–168): Silin Zhong and Caren Chang
Chapter 7 EIN2 and EIN3 in Ethylene Signalling (pages 169–187): Young?Hee Cho, Sangho Lee and Sang?Dong Yoo
Chapter eight Ethylene in Seed improvement, Dormancy and Germination (pages 189–218): Renata Bogatek and Agnieszka Gniazdowska
Chapter nine The position of Ethylene in Plant development and improvement (pages 219–241): Filip Vandenbussche and Dominique van der Straeten
Chapter 10 Ethylene and mobilephone Separation procedures (pages 243–273): Zinnia H. Gonzalez?Carranza and Jeremy A. Roberts
Chapter eleven Ethylene and Fruit Ripening (pages 275–304): Jean?Claude Pech, Eduardo Purgatto, Mondher Bouzayen and Alain Latche
Chapter 12 Ethylene and Senescence strategies (pages 305–341): Laura E. Graham, Jos H. M. Schippers, Paul P. Dijkwel and Carol Wagstaff
Chapter thirteen Ethylene: Multi?Tasker in Plant–Attacker Interactions (pages 343–377): Sjoerd van der Ent and Corne M. J. Pieterse
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Additional resources for Annual Plant Reviews Volume 44: The Plant Hormone Ethylene
By studying Arabidopsis mutants that over-produced ethylene, three proteins – (1) ETO1, (2) EOL1 (ETO1-like) and (3) EOL2 – have been identiﬁed that recognize the C-terminal domains of type-2 ACS isoforms and interact with the ubiquitin–26S proteasome system, thus targeting these isoforms for degradation. Type-3 ACS proteins, on the other hand, have a minimal C-terminus extension with no known phosphorylation sites. Finally, it has been suggested that ACC might have a function in its own right, and not just as a precursor to ethylene.
Ito et al. (2008) reported that a tomato protein named Le MADS-RIN (RIN) (which had been shown previously by Giovannoni’s laboratory to be mutated and non-functional in the rin mutant) binds speciﬁcally to the LeACS2 promoter, as shown by chromatin immunoprecipitation polymerase chain reaction assays (Giovannoni, 2007). , 2002), and members of this clade control the identity of ﬂoral organs. , 2008) and these regulatory proteins have the potential to form a large number of interacting complexes affecting developmental functions in vivo.
The leaf has reached maturity), leaf senescence can be induced in the presence of hormonal signals. Independent of hormonal cues, senescence will be induced after the leaf has reached ‘old’ age. The model clariﬁes how the leaf can integrate multiple cues and therefore is able to make an informed decision on whether it will be beneﬁcial to sacriﬁce the leaf and allow for the remobilization of nutrients, or to continue to be photosynthetically active and contribute to plant growth by producing assimilates.
Annual Plant Reviews Volume 44: The Plant Hormone Ethylene by Michael T. McManus