An Invitation to Cognitive Science: Visual Cognition by Lila R. Gleitman PDF

By Lila R. Gleitman

ISBN-10: 0262650428

ISBN-13: 9780262650427

A call for participation to Cognitive technological know-how presents some extent of access into the giant realm of cognitive technological know-how, providing chosen examples of concerns and theories from a lot of its subfields. all the volumes within the moment variation include considerably revised and in addition to fullyyt new chapters. instead of surveying theories and information within the demeanour attribute of many introductory textbooks within the box, a call for participation to Cognitive technological know-how employs a distinct case examine procedure, featuring a targeted examine subject in a few intensity and counting on steered readings to exhibit the breadth of perspectives and effects. every one bankruptcy tells a coherent medical tale, even if constructing topics and ideas or describing a specific version and exploring its implications. The volumes are self contained and will be used separately in upper-level undergraduate and graduate classes starting from introductory psychology, linguistics, cognitive technological know-how, and choice sciences, to social psychology, philosophy of brain, rationality, language, and imaginative and prescient technological know-how.

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Extra resources for An Invitation to Cognitive Science: Visual Cognition

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This volume) have suggested that this dorsal system might best be described as relating to spatially guided motor behavior, for example, reaching and grasping. 2. For the moment, we consider them in order to characterize the major higher-order functions of vision and their anatomical substrates. ) These higher-level functions must have input from lower-order visual processes, which, in turn, must receive inputs from the retina and striate cortex. What kinds of information are necessary to serve as useful input for such diverse higher-order functions?

7, it is important for the visual system to assign ownership to contours xy and xz. Under conditions of surface opacity, a border is owned by the region that is coded as being in front. A region that does not own a border is effectively unbounded. Unbounded regions can connect to other unbounded regions to form larger surfaces completing behind. We call such completion amodal completion after Michotte (1964) and Kanizsa (1979). To see how these rules might play out in actual practice, consider the border between region x and region y as well as the border between region x and z.

What characterizes this approach is the belief that the kinds of operations conventionally thought to be involved in the wiring of receptive fields are also likely to be explanatory in dealing with these perceptual functions. To review this point, we need to step back and describe how vision scientists conceive of features and filtering and how these processes might be understood in terms of receptive fields. The basic form of the explanation proposed is extremely simple. Receptive fields of retinal ganglion cells, for example, can be understood if we simply assume that they are fed by two classes of convergent yet antagonistic inputs that are spatially delineated: an excitatory center and an inhibitory surround.

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An Invitation to Cognitive Science: Visual Cognition by Lila R. Gleitman

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