By Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes
Membranes are essentially designed to split specific gases/liquids from different streams of gas/liquids, which offers an more and more very important and promising strength to either the traditional and replacement strength sectors, in addition to to scrub purposes. Advances in fabrics advancements besides laptop modeling and simulation have contributed significantly to this box, bearing in mind enhanced layout and manufacture of selective membrane as severe parts for such strength and environmental platforms as fuel processing, ion delivery, osmosis and filtration. The calls for of sustainable power creation and fresh proceed to force membrane improvement towards the target of easy, effective, and simply built-in platforms that provide reasonably cheap, trustworthy processing and operation. This ebook provides a finished overview membrane technology and know-how, concentrating on advancements and functions within the parts of sustainable strength and clean-industry. The booklet at the beginning bargains with primary technology and engineering of membrane layout, improvement and manufacture, together with operational concerns, functionality and monetary research . insurance keeps with experiences of the most membrane program within the traditional power and petrochemical industries, together with membranes for carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen (O2) separation, in addition to gasoline and flue fuel processing. the choice energy zone is then thought of, with evaluate of gasoline telephone, electrolyser and battery membrane know-how advancements, in addition to for hydrogen (H2) separation and osmotic functions. the ultimate part studies environmental and clean-industry functions, similar to ultrafiltration and dangerous waste processing.
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Additional resources for Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications (Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy)
Hydrogen recovery was the first large commercial membrane gas separation. Applications include recovery of H2 from ammonia purge gas, hydrogen production from biomass and extraction of H2 from petroleum cracking streams. , 2010; Basile and Calabrò, 2010). , 2011). Much of the natural gas produced in the world contains acid gas, commonly CO2 or H2S. Membrane separation is a commercially successful device for the separation of CO2 and CH4, especially for small installations. Methane CH4 is a slow gas; CO2, H2S and H2O are fast gases.
Dense membranes are utilized for gas separations (removal of CO2 from natural gas, separating N2 from air, organic vapour removal from air or nitrogen stream) and sometimes in membrane distillation. The later process helps in separating azeotropic compositions reducing the costs of distillation processes. A very concise description of membrane processes is necessary, in order to introduce the most important fields of applications and problems related to their use in industrial applications. 0 mm to be removed from liquid solutions and fluids by permeation through a microporous medium such as a polymeric or inorganic membrane filter.
Indd xxx 8/5/11 10:43:05 AM 1 Fundamental membrane processes, science and engineering V. C A L A B R Ò, University of Calabria, Italy and A . B A S I L E, Institute on Membrane Technology of the Italian National Research Council, ITM-CNR, Italy Abstract: In this chapter a brief overview of membrane processes is presented, where the most significant parameters and processes have been pointed out, including descriptions of the industrial applications of membrane processes, membrane configurations and membrane operations.
Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications (Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy) by Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes