A Grammar of the Hittite Language - download pdf or read online

By Harry A. Hoffner

ISBN-10: 1575061198

ISBN-13: 9781575061191

Hoffner and Melchert's long-awaited paintings is certain to turn into either the traditional reference grammar and the most educating device for the Hittite language. the 1st quantity features a thorough description of Hittite grammar, grounded in an abundance of textual examples. additionally, the authors have in mind an enormous array of reviews on all elements of the Hittite language. within the 5 many years because the book of the second one variation of Johannes Friedrich's Hethitisches Elementarbuch (1960), our wisdom of Hittite grammar has turn into extra certain and nuanced, particularly end result of the variety of new texts to be had and the growing to be physique of secondary literature. this primary quantity within the LANE sequence fills a significant hole and provides a accomplished reference for many years to return.

the second one quantity, to be had here, is an instructional that includes a sequence of graded classes with illustrative sentences for the coed to translate. the academic is keyed to the reference grammar and gives wide notes.

the broadcast grammar quantity is followed by way of a CD-ROM that includes the full textual content of the grammar and instructional in searchable, cross-referenced, and hyperlinked shape.

Errata: Minor corrections, which were integrated into the second one printings of either the Grammar and the educational (December, 2008 â€" January, 2009), can be found here for download.

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Sample text

Represents the old Sumerian writing of an early loan from Akkadian, *maškaʾen (later Akk. muškênu).  ‘lands’. ). In some cases, instead of transcribing the sign twice, scholars transcribe the pair with the same roman letters but with a different identification number:  (representing a single sign), in contrast with  (representing +). 15. ). Signs with identical syllabic values are called homophones. In order to distinguish homophones in transliteration, Assyriologists and Hittitologists mark them with accents or subscript numbers.

I 9, and possibly also --uš-ša-an HKM 52:25; 80 obv. 5, if this really stands for išḫāš⸗šan.  ‘throne’, etc. For discussion of the broader subject of “Fehlertypologie” with examples see Rüster 1988. The auditory error (“Hörfehler”) is not mentioned in her article. It would be a subcategory of her section 2 (“Zeichenvertauschung”), which however she describes only as “eine Verwechslung ähnlich aussehender Keilschriftzeichen” (p. 295, italics ours), although in her list of examples (pp. 299–303) there are cases clearly due to auditory (not visual) similarity:  for ,  for 8,  for ,  for .

37, p. ,   ‘of the king’,   ‘to/for the king’,  GIŠ ‘from the table’). An exception is the use of the sequence of noun plus its genitive complement  ()  ‘land of the king’, where the genitive marker  is not obligatory. 10. For example, only the presence of a Hittite verbal ending attached as a phonetic complement to the end of the Sumerogram  ‘seize’ can indicate whether the subject is ‘I’, ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, or ‘they’. 11. Thus - ‘father’ is normally subject, - is direct object, - is indirect object or possessor.

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