By Audrey Thomas McCluskey
Emerging from the darkness of the slave period and Reconstruction, black activist ladies Lucy Craft Laney, Mary McLeod Bethune, Charlotte Hawkins Brown, and Nannie Helen Burroughs based faculties aimed toward releasing African-American early life from deprived futures within the segregated and decidedly unequal South. From the overdue 19th via mid-twentieth centuries, those contributors fought discrimination as participants of a bigger circulation of black ladies who uplifted destiny generations via a spotlight on schooling, social provider, and cultural transformation. Born loose, yet with the shadow of the slave earlier nonetheless implanted of their realization, Laney, Bethune, Brown, and Burroughs outfitted off every one other’s successes and realized from every one other’s struggles as directors, academics, and suffragists. Drawing from the women’s personal letters and writings approximately academic equipment and from remembrances of surviving scholars, Audrey Thomas McCluskey finds the pivotal value of this sisterhood’s legacy for later generations and for the establishment of schooling itself.
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Extra info for A Forgotten Sisterhood: Pioneering Black Women Educators and Activists in the Jim Crow South
Anderson (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1978), 46. 83. Edward J. Cashin, “Paternalism in Augusta: The Impact of the Plantation Ethic upon an Urban Society,” in Paternalism in a Southern City: Race, Religion, and Gender in Augusta, Georgia, eds. Edward J. Cashin and Glenn T. Eskew (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2001), 22. 84. Lloyd Preston and Stephens C. : Preston Publications, 1977), 25. 85. Cottingham, “Burden of the Educated Colored Woman,” 91. 86. Rouse, Lugenia Burns Hope, 10.
102 We do not know for sure how much the “race woman” Laney knew about Shadd Cary, nor whether the politically attuned activist followed press accounts of Anthony’s defiance and the judgment against her. In the three newspapers she read each day, such examples of 30 Chapter 2 female assertiveness within a public sphere dominated by men, such women were models of nineteenth-century activism that Laney exhibited in her own life. Whether emboldened by such examples or by her own biography and sense of justice, Laney’s activism also got her arrested and hauled into court.
2 (1942): 118–19. 62. Anderson, Education of Blacks, 328. 63. Anderson, Education of Blacks, 328. 64. Bacote, Story of Atlanta University, 2. 65. p. 66. p. 67. W. E. B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk (Chicago: A. C. McClurg, 1903), 121–39 68. Lucy C. Laney, “General Conditions of Mortality,” in the Atlanta University Papers Series, ed. W. E. B. Du Bois (Atlanta: Atlanta University, 1896): 35–37. 69. Lucy C. Laney, “Address Before the Women’s Meeting,” Second Annual Atlanta University Conference Proceedings, 1897 (New York: Arno Press, 1968), 56.
A Forgotten Sisterhood: Pioneering Black Women Educators and Activists in the Jim Crow South by Audrey Thomas McCluskey